Recently, the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs issued the "Reply to the Recommendation No. 5024 of the Second Session of the 13th National People's Congress", and the "Proposal on Strengthening the Pilot Work of the Cultivated Land Rotation System" proposed by the representative of Wei Dedong, reply.
I. About the pilot scale of expanding the arable land rotation system for fallow
Exploring the implementation of the trial of arable land rotation and fallow system is a major deployment made by the central government and a major political task for rural reform. Since the pilot was launched in 2016, the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, together with the Ministry of Finance and other departments, has led the green development concept and focused on areas with tight resource constraints and ecological protection pressures, with the goal of promoting sustainable agricultural development and balancing food supply and demand. We will promote the trial of arable land rotation as a fallow system in a safe and orderly manner. The pilot area has been expanding, from 6.16 million mu in 2016 to 30 million mu in 2019, an increase of nearly 4 times. The number of provinces implemented has increased, from nine pilot provinces in 2016 to 17 pilot provinces in 2019, nearly doubled. The subsidy has been continuously increased. The central financial support funds increased from 1.436 billion yuan in 2016 to 6.31 billion yuan in 2019, an increase of 340%. The coverage area has been continuously expanded. The northeast cold area, the northern farming-pastoral area, the Hebei groundwater funnel area, the Hunan heavy metal pollution area, and the southwestern northwestern ecologically degraded areas have expanded and expanded the Heilongjiang cold-well irrigation area and the Yangtze River valley. Inefficient low-efficiency area, Huanghuaihai corn-soybean rotation area, and groundwater over-exploitation area in Tarim River Basin, Xinjiang.
In the next step, the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs will work with the Ministry of Finance and other departments to determine the future implementation scale and pilot area in light of the country's strategic agricultural restructuring needs, the supply and demand of major grain varieties, and changes in the international agricultural trade situation.
Second, on the increase of subsidies for farmers in the trial of arable land rotation
In order to fully mobilize the enthusiasm of farmers to participate in the trial of arable land rotation, the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, together with the Ministry of Finance and other departments, based on the changes in the income of different crops, reasonably calculate the pilot subsidy standards, so that farmers can participate in the pilot account and do not suffer losses. In the rotation, focus on comparative efficiency. According to the existing yield level and planting efficiency, the corn-soybean rotation in the rotation mode is calculated according to the benefit balance point of 1..3. Other rotation models, according to the income situation of the previous year, combined with the dynamic adjustment of market changes, subsidies of about 150 yuan per mu. In fallow, focus on income security. The subsidy standard for fallow cultivation is based on the premise that the income from farmers' cultivation is not reduced. In general, the fallow crop in a ripening area and the fallow crop in the two maturing areas will subsidize about 500 yuan per mu; the annual fallow in the two ripening areas will cost about 800 yuan per mu. Slightly higher than the cost of land transfer.
Since the second half of last year, the price of corn in the northeast region has risen and the income is obviously better than that of soybeans, which affects the enthusiasm of farmers to grow soybeans, the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs will strengthen communication with the Ministry of Finance and strive to raise the standard of rotation subsidies. At the same time, encourage local governments to allocate funds for agricultural production development according to the central government, in accordance with the management method of “specialty + task list”, make overall use of other relevant project funds, adjust the subsidy standards in different regions and different crops according to local conditions, and ensure the accurate payment of funds. Reasonable compensation for income.
Third, on increasing investment in agricultural science and technology
The Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs has made overall plans to use existing projects, increase scientific and technological input to agricultural production, improve the pilot technical level of the arable land rotation system, and ensure the successful implementation of the trial of the arable land rotation system. The first is to carry out technical guidance. In the key agricultural season during the pilot implementation of the arable land rotation system, the expert guidance group of corn, soybean, potato, oil, and small grain and soybean in the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Agriculture will be organized to issue production technical guidance opinions in different regions, and at the same time, send working groups and experts to guide. The group will carry out technical guidance services in the areas where the arable land rotation system is a pilot task for the fallow system, and improve the occupancy rate of the rotation cropping technology. The second is to carry out technology promotion. Taking green high-quality and high-efficiency action as the starting point, we will establish green high-quality and high-efficiency demonstration bases for soybeans, oilseeds and other crops in the pilot areas of fertility rotation in the northeast, Huanghuaihai and southwest regions, and apply high-yield and high-quality new varieties to promote new production and increase efficiency. Technology, promote the integration of agricultural machinery and agronomy, the matching of good varieties and good methods, and expand the demonstration effect of crop rotation fallow technology. The third is to carry out technology research and development. Based on the national modern agricultural industrial technology system, we support experts in crop rotation and crop cultivation, focusing on genetic improvement, cultivation and soil fertility, pest control, mechanization, processing, industrial economy and other fields to break through the cultivation of cropland. The technical bottleneck of the fallow system pilot.